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Solid-State Batteries vs. Lithium-Ion Batteries: What’s The Difference?

Solid-State Batteries vs. Lithium-Ion Batteries: What’s The Difference?

When reading a story in the media that references “solid-state batteries” it’s important to keep in mind that in most cases the writer is talking about a lithium-ion battery that incorporates some changes to the cell structure. The primary difference lies in the electrolyte. Traditional lithium-ion batteries use a liquid electrolyte, while solid-state lithium-ion batteries use a solid electrolyte.

Here’s a brief breakdown:

Traditional Lithium-Ion Batteries
These have a liquid electrolyte that conducts lithium ions between the cathode and anode. The liquid electrolyte can pose some safety issues, such as leakage, flammability, or even explosion under certain conditions.

Solid-State Lithium-Ion Batteries
These replace the liquid electrolyte with a solid electrolyte. This solid electrolyte can be composed of a variety of materials, including ceramics, polymers, or even hybrid combinations. The use of a solid electrolyte can potentially lead to higher energy densities, longer cycle life, and improved safety due to the reduced risk of leakage or combustion.

That being said, it’s important to note that not all solid-state batteries are lithium-ion. The term “solid-state battery” refers broadly to any battery using a solid electrolyte, so other chemistries aside from lithium-ion can also be utilized in a solid-state configuration. However, lithium-ion-based solid-state batteries are currently the most researched and discussed due to their potential for high performance and safety in various applications, especially in electric vehicles.

Alsym Energy has developed an innovative low-cost, high-performance rechargeable battery chemistry that’s ideal for applications such as stationary storage, maritime shipping, electric vehicles, and two-wheelers.

Our technology avoids many of the issues that surround lithium-ion batteries and uses no lithium or cobalt. By using readily available, inherently non-flammable and non-toxic materials, we’re working to deliver performance comparable with lithium ion at a much lower cost, making electrification more affordable for everyone.